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Saturday, February 06, 2016

George Washington's papers- French and the American Revolution

"..'an increased focus on Franco-American relations will emphasize how the “United States was not born alone'.”
Houdon Bust

George Washington. Sculpted by Jean-Antoine Houdon, 1785

George Washington left important correspondance to explain America's special relationship with France. His papers are going to academics, thanks to "The Washington Papers".

The Washington Papers and the Florence Gould Foundation Embark on a Partnership to Explore Early Franco-American Relations

One of my concerns about the anti immigration movement led by the right wing Republicans is their disregard for how all of us became American citizens. We're US citizens today because of the American Revolution, where the French allied with the colonial army, led by General Washington.

Americans are independent today because the French helped General Washington in his darkest hours of the Revolutionary War. This centuries of Franco-American friendship can't be forgotten. 

As a matter of fact, the enduring symbol of Franco-American friendship is the magnificent Statue of Liberty, a beacon of freedom and a gift to the US from the French, located in New York Harbor.  George Washington and America's colonial leaders enjoyed a special friendship with the French.  

Interesting Franco-American history is available now from the "Washington Papers", based on the communications and experiences of President (and General) George Washington (1732-1799).
George Washington was a leader of the Continental Army in the American Revolution, and was the first to become U.S. president.
France and the United States have a long tradition of friendship, forged in the course of two great 18th-century revolutions and tempered in the flames of two global wars in the 20th century. 

The Washington Papers project stands poised to record the origins of the Franco-American alliance with the editing and publication of the final 16 volumes of the Revolutionary War Series, covering the years from 1780 to 1783. 

These volumes will chronicle Rochambeau’s landing with a French expeditionary army in North America in the autumn of 1780; his strategic planning with Washington in the winter of 1780-1781; the Yorktown campaign of the summer and autumn of 1781; and finally, the protracted negotiations that led to the Treaty of Paris in 1783.

The Washington Papers project is proud to announce a major new partnership with the Florence Gould Foundation, ensuring that these documents chronicling the most important period in the history of Franco-American relations are edited and published in time for the project’s completion in 2024. 

With the Gould Foundation’s major and ongoing financial support, the Washington Papers will hire an expert scholar whose time will be fully devoted to editing these documents as well as carrying on important research in French archives.
To better understand the importance of such research to current knowledge of the period, Washington Papers Communications Assistant Katie Lebert spoke with Julia Osman, a history professor at Mississippi State University with expertise in 17th– and 18th-century French military history and author of Citizen Soldiers and the Key to the Bastille.

Asked about the significance of our research into Franco-American relations at this moment in history, Osman points out that it would “add more color to the understanding of the American revolution” and underscore two of its fundamental insights.

First, she outlines how the research would increase and encourage recognition of the vital support France provided during the American Revolution. Through assistance from French volunteers like the Marquis de Lafayette and the provision of troops, uniforms and supplies, the French not only legitimated the American cause but also elevated its international recognition.

That international recognition, in turn, underlines the American Revolution’s importance in the global context. Osman adds that as part of the larger European colonial story, the Revolution constitutes a notable chapter in the contemporary shift in understanding citizenship and governance.

With George Washington serving as a lens through which we can view these larger historical trends, it will be possible to improve our appreciation of his national and international legacies. For example, Osman notes that he was particularly well-suited to sharing power. This trait proved beneficial and necessary in allowing Rochambeau to make executive strategic decisions. She adds that in France, Washington’s reputation changed dramatically from how he was perceived during the Seven Years War; by the end of the American Revolution, he had become a rallying cry for French advocates of change in their own country.

Osman concludes that an increased focus on Franco-American relations will emphasize how the “United States was not born alone.” In both sentiment and impact, “its choices and its successes were part of a larger context, one in which the United States continues to stand in today.”

Thanks to the Gould Foundation, France’s vital role in securing American independence is certain to be better and more widely understood.

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